The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) is one of the largest and most respected bodies in the environmental and conservation sphere, with a membership that unites over 1,200 governments and NGOs, and nearly 11,000 volunteer experts in some 160 countries. It is the leading purveyor of facts and knowledge to the world of nature conservation helping find pragmatic solutions to its most pressing environment and development challenges. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species is the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of wildlife, assessing whether a plant, fungi or animal is threatened with extinction.